About Malta

About Malta

Malta, the largest island in the Maltese archipelago, is the smallest member state of the European Union. With a population of just under 450,000 and an area of 316 km2, it is one of the smallest and most densely populated countries in the world. However this island state is equally packed with history, culture and things to discover.

The strategic location of the islands in the middle of the Mediterranean Sea led to their occupation by many different peoples, which in turn gave rise to the unique and rich history and culture that the locals are proud to call their own. The islands have in fact been described as one, large, open air museum where history lovers can immerse themselves in over 7000 years of history. Walk through one of the oldest free-standing structures in the world by visiting Ġgantija temples, a UNESCO world heritage site, or visit the Hypogeum, an underground necropolis thought to date back to 3600-3000 BC, another UNESCO world heritage site. Lose yourself in the winding streets of medieval Mdina, the old capital city. Do this by day and enjoy the magnificent views from the bastions or wander around by night and be enchanted by the mystery and magic of the city while you dine in some of the finest restaurants on the island.

The “new” capital city is Valletta, the current European capital of Culture, a baroque city built on a peninsula by the Knights of St. John after the Great Siege by the Turks in 1565. This city is surrounded by natural harbours on both sides and the fortifications which were used to offer protection are now a sight in themselves. It is home to a multitude of churches and museums, restaurants and shops, palaces and gardens. Admire an original Caravaggio at the co-Cathedral of St. John or visit the iconic Manoel theatre.

Climate

Malta's climate is typical of the Mediterranean and is strongly influenced by the sea. The Maltese Islands have a pleasantly sunny climate with a daily average of around 12 hours sunshine in summer going down to 5 to 6 hours in mid-winter.

Electricity

The electrical supply is 230 volts /- 10%. The frequency of the supply is 50 hertz. The three-pin rectangular plug system is used, as in Britain. Adapters are very easy to find.

Language

The official languages of Malta are Maltese and English.

Maltese, a language of Semitic origin written in the Latin script, is the national language of Malta. Over the centuries, it has incorporated many words derived from English, Italian and French.

Italian is also widely spoken.

VISA

Malta is part of the Countries adhering to the Schengen agreement. Therefore, EU citizens do not need VISA to enter the country.

For non-EU citizens, please check before traveling if your passport requires VISA

Currency

Euro is the official currency of Malta.

Useful Numbers

Ambulance: 112

Emergency: 112

Fire Brigade: 112

Getting Here

The Maltese Archipelago lies virtually in the centre of the Mediterranean Sea, some 93kms south of the Italian island of Sicily. Yet Malta is just a few hours' flying time from most mainland European cities and has excellent intercontinental connections.

The national airline, Air Malta, operates flights to and from all the major airports in Europe, North Africa and the Middle East. Most major airlines and various low-cost carriers also operate regularly to and from Malta.