General Information

About Lisbon

Sprawling along the right bank of the Tagus estuary, Lisbon, capital of Portugal, stands looking proudly towards the Atlantic Ocean and was the muse that inspired the great maritime discoveries. Likely founded by Phoenicians, the city was built during a millennium of colourful history waiting to be discovered by visitors. Lisbon witnessed Muslim domination, a Christian conquest, a golden age of discoveries, destruction by an earthquake and followed by an enlightened reconstruction process and on going renewal.

Lisbon is the continental Europe’s westernmost capital, a patchwork of distinct and colourful quarters, like Baixa, Chiado, Alfama, Bairro Alto.

Around 3 million people live in the Lisboa region, with around 600 thousand living in the capital itself.

Language

Portugal’s official language is Portuguese. Derived from Latin roots, Portuguese is the third most spoken European language in the world, with around 250 million speakers.

Climate

Lisbon has a mild and equable climate, with a mean annual temperature in the low 60s F (about 17 °C). The proximity of the Atlantic Ocean and the influence of the Gulf Stream mediate the weather conditions throughout the year. January, the coldest month, has an average temperature of 50 °F (10 °C), and in August the temperature seldom exceeds 82 °F (28 °C). Average monthly rainfall ranges from 0.1 inch (3 mm) in summer up to about 4 inches (100 mm) in winter.